Two inexpensive antibody tests exist, the thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO) and thyroglobulin antibodies (TG) tests. The tests can show high levels, ten to fifteen years, before noticing any changes in the TSH. In normal circumstances, TPO antibodies are below 35 while TG antibodies are below 20. However, one should ensure to look at the reference range before going through any of the tests.
Statistics show that about 20% of patients have these antibodies. Upon experiencing symptoms, it is important for a person to take necessary action before medication. This prevents further damage to the thyroid. Early symptoms prevention ensures the avoidance of unnecessary medication in future. Therefore, one should always take the tests. Prevention of other autoimmune conditions is also necessary.
Free T3 and Free T4 Test
The T3 and the T4 are thyroid hormones found in a person. Normally, their levels should be within the reference range (upper half). The levels of thyroid hormones in the body can indicate the presence of a thyroid disorder prior to the other antibody tests. In some cases, a reverse T3 test can show an underactive thyroid where other lab tests missed. The reference ranges can vary but it’s vital to ensure that it is not elevated.
What if one is outside the Normal Range?
If there is a deficiency in thyroid hormones, the above situation occurs. The patient should take medication to stabilize the condition. For patients with Hashimoto’s, a gluten free diet is necessary. Gluten free diet also reverses celiac disease.
In molecular mimicry, the immune system identifies a foreign substance and takes its protein structure. The system then looks for cells with similar structure and attacks. These substances can occur in a pathogen resembling a thyroid or gluten.
Will Doctors Diagnose Hashimoto’s immediately?
Before a correct diagnosis, sometimes it can take up to 20 years. However, there is a possibility of getting the right one immediately. Women’s diagnosis with hashimotos’ occurs during postpartum. Failure can lead to postpartum psychosis and postpartum depression.
There is a strong connection between both Type I and Type II diabetes and thyroid disorders. Approximately 30% of people with Type I Diabetes also have autoimmune thyroid disease. The risk of thyroid disease increases to almost double in people with diabetes yet about 10-20% of the general population have thyroid disorders.
Typically, patients with Type I and Type II Diabetes have low thyroid function due to unknown thyroid problems. Patients suffering from thyroid disorders and Hashimoto’s are also at risk for dysglycemia or diabetes.
Studies have shown that if one has an autoimmune disease, they are likely to develop another.Hashimoto and Diabetes Type I are autoimmune diseases. Dr. Allesio Fasano described the three things that must be present for an autoimmune disease to manifest which include intestinal permeability, genes and environmental triggers such as infection and toxins. If these factors are removed, the disease progression can be slowed down or stopped completely.
What’s causes these issues?
If someone has a leaky gut, they are at risk for getting foreign bodies and improper contents in their circulation. Apparently, this condition is present in all autoimmune diseases hence anyone with an autoimmune condition should focus on getting rid of intestinal permeability. Removing environmental triggers like nutrient deficiencies and food sensitivities may help one get into remission.
These problems are common in patients with diabetes and thyroid disorders like Hashimoto’s. Most people with Type II Diabetes have low T3 levels and this may lead to altered carbohydrate metabolism since they break the equilibrium. Thyroid hormone has both anti-insulin and pro-insulin effects on different organs.
When the body has low thyroid hormone levels, it will produce more insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Studies show that 50% of patients with low thyroid hormone have impaired carbohydrate metabolism. All diabetic patients should have their thyroid hormone levels evaluated such as by having TSH test.