Overview of conventional treatments of thyroid disease

The medical community has recently been employing the use of thyroid medication to lower the body’s TSH, making the thyroid rest and reduce the production of antibodies. It is important to let the thyroid sleep because, in Hashimotos’, plenty of damage makes the body have a hard time manufacturing thyroid hormones.

When there is a high rise in TSH, the thyroid works hard making the body have many symptoms. Furthermore, there is the attraction of immune cells that have the ability to upregulate an autoimmune attack on the thyroid because, the harder the thyroid works, the more visible it is to the immune system. Thyroid medication makes the thyroid to work less hence less visible and reduce antibody production. Antibody reduction is a critical component in lowering the thyroid gland autoimmune attack.


The rate of thyroid disease affecting people worldwide ranges between 10 to 20%, this is mostly in the USA and other westernized regions. In 2013-2014, Synthroid was the drug of choice. The medication is a synthetic thyroid hormone that makes symptoms go away and reduce some attacks on the thyroid since it is less visible to the immune system. Synthroid works well for many individuals, and its active ingredient is T4 that usually needs conversion to T3, which is biologically active.

For people whose body cannot convert the T4, a compound thyroid medication (T3 and T4 combination) is necessary. In the drug, some of the active hormones are pre-converted. The medicine is old but available as a generic drug.

Medications like the WP Thyroid and Amour plays a significant role in assisting patients. The medication addresses the cause of Hashimotos’, preventing other autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus from developing.

Medication can sometimes slightly suppress an autoimmune attack making the thyroid less visible. Because of this, doctors are reluctant to test for Hashimotos’ because if there is an attack on the thyroid, stopping the attack becomes a problem.

How Medications Can Mask Thyroid Issues

The reaction of antidepressants is mixed depending on the patient. Neuroleptic drugs (Seroquel and Zyprexa) are the most severe of such drugs.

Initially, health practitioners administered these drugs to treat schizophrenia but in recent times, they treat depression too. Their secondary effects include:

  • Gain weight
  • Develop diabetes
  • Socially withdrawn
  • Muscle jerks
  • Pain when contracting muscles
  • Severely drowsy

Neuroleptic drugs should be given in limited amounts or none at all, especially in adults.


The negative impacts of lithium on the thyroid are as listed below:

  • Increase the prevalence of thyroid autoimmune occurrences
  • May cause an underactive thyroid
  • Increased frequency of thyroid diseases and malfunctions
  • Malfunctioning of the thyroid especially during pregnancy which can turn out to be harmful to the unborn child

It is recommended, especially in the kitchen, for one to carry out reverse osmosis to exclude lithium from water.


Central hypothyroidism may develop after dopamine infusions. Dopamine restricts the release of TSH during low T3 and T4 levels, hence no thyroid hormone is produced. Adderall, Wellbutrin and Ritalin are drugs which mask a thyroid disorder. When tests are conducted, TSH levels appear to be normal but are dangerously low.

Thyroid medication functioning as antidepressants

In the results of the STAR*D survey, some of the people responded to T3 medication and not antidepressants, concluding that thyroid medication can act as antidepressants.


People on synthroid still experience depression and some doctors start antidepressant medication. Medication that has both T3 and T4 is more helpful in getting healthier.

Dosage recommendations

A patient should start from a low dose increasing it progressively until they find the most effective one. They should always go for frequent lab tests to gauge their recovery.

Side effects

  • Ill-temper and trembling
  • Hair loss
  • Irregular heart-beat
  • Sweating profusely

Medication with gluten

Some people react to gluten, especially with Celiac disease. Taking antibiotics will ease symptoms.

Medication with dye and lactose

Lactose free medicine such as tirosint is recommended. Some people are sensitive to both dyes and lactose impairing absorption of medication.